the Venice International Film FestivaL
The Venice Film Festival or the Venice International Film Festival: (in Italian: Mostra Internazionale d’arte Cinematografica di Venezia)Note 1 is a film festival held annually in September, in the historic Palace of Cinema, on the Lungomare Marconi, in the Lido of Venice.
The event, which reached its sixty-ninth anniversary in 2012, is part of the wider organization of the Venice Biennale, a cultural festival of contemporary art, of which it is the cinema section. The first edition of the Mostra took place during the 18th Biennale. Since 2004, the films have been presented at the Mostra in four sections: In Concorso (competition), Orizzonti (Horizons), La Settimana della Critica (Critics’ Week) and since 2004 Giornate degli Autori, also called Venice Days (equivalent of the Directors’ Fortnight in Cannes)
The main prize awarded is the Golden Lion, which takes its name from the attribute of the city’s patron saint: the lion of Saint Mark, the Evangelist. It is considered one of the most important from the point of view of the film critic, equal to those granted in the two other European film festivals, the Palme d’or of the Cannes Film Festival (May) and the Golden Bear of the Berlinale (February).All three are coveted prizes for their international impact and prestige, often in opposition to the American film Oscars that take place in February.
The first Mostra Born in the 1930s, the first Venice Mostra, called Prima esposizione Internazionale d’Arte Cinematografica (in French: First International Exhibition of Cinematographic Art) is taking place from August 6 to 21, 1932. The festival was born of the idea of the president of the Venice Biennale, Count Giuseppe Volpi di Misurata, sculptor Antonio Maraini, general secretary, and Luciano De Feo, general secretary of the Istituto Internazionale per il cinema educativo (in French: Institut international pour le cinéma éducatif), emanation of the Société des Nations, whose headquarters is in Rome, in agreement with the idea of organizing the festival in the lagoon city, and who was the first director-selector
The Mostra, wrongly considered to be the first international event of its kind (the Los Angeles Academy Awards having begun in 19291), received considerable support from the authorities. The first edition takes place on the terrace of the Excelsior Hotel Lido in Venice. It is not yet a competition. The titles are simply presented to the public. In spite of this, the films screened have become true «classics» of the history of cinema, some of which are still in all the memories: Love defended by the great American director Frank Capra, Grand Hotel d’Edmund Goulding, King Vidor Champion, James Whale’s first and inimitable Frankenstein, The Devil to Pay! of George Fitzmaurice, Men, what mufles! by Mario Camerini and À nous la liberté by René Clair and other works by great directors such as Raoul Walsh, Ernst Lubitsch, Nikolaï Ekk, Howard Hawks, Maurice Tourneur, Anatole Litvak