The Golden Lion Awards
The Golden Lion or Golden Lion of the best film (Leone d’Oro al Miglior film) is the main award awarded to a film during the Venice Mostra since 1949
The prize awarded to the best film bears this exact name only since 1954, it was before, from 1949 to 1953, the «Lion of Saint Mark», and in 1947 and 1948, the «Grand Prix international de Venise».Previously, and until 1942, the festival’s highest honour was the Mussolini Cup.Because the lion is the symbol of the city of Venice.
The Golden Lion was not awarded from 1969 to 1979, after the 1968 protests
To date, four directors have managed to win the Golden Lion twice: André Cayatte (in 1950 and 1960), Louis Malle (in 1980 and 1987), Zhang Yimou (in 1992 and 1999) and Ang Lee (in 2005 and 2007). To date, four women have won the Golden Lion: Margarethe von Trotta (1981); Agnès Varda (1985), Mira Nair (2001) and Sofia Coppola (2010). Note that there was another Golden Lion, more awarded, the Golden Lion of Cannes, which rewarded each year the best advertising campaigns.